Our Practices

Energy & Mining

Power Projects

The firm advises power generation companies utilizing the natural resources such as hydro, coal, oil, gas and solar for the electricity generation projects in Pakistan. The firm extends its services on investments in Pakistan’s power sector, company incorporations, mergers and acquisitions, joint ventures, competition, drafting and structuring of power purchase agreements, regulatory compliance, project financing, tariff determination and licensing matters, negotiating project documents with the Government of Pakistan, power purchaser, fuel suppliers, contractors and lenders etc. The firm assists local and international sponsors and lenders of wind, coal, solar, thermal and gas power projects, often working closely with international law firms on wide variety of power projects in Pakistan. The dispute resolution team represents the power companies and government institutions before the tribunals, courts and in arbitrations involving disputes evolving from the Power Purchase Agreements (the “PPA”) and tariff determination by the government bodies such as National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA).

Focus Areas

Company Incorporations

Mergers and Acquisitions

Joint Ventures


Structuring of Power Purchase Agreements

Regulatory Compliance

Project Financing

Tariff Determination

Licensing Matters

Negotiating Project Documents

Dispute Resolution

Oil & Gas Exploration & Production

The firm advises gas and oil companies on a wide variety of oil and gas projects in Pakistan. The firm retains an edge by keeping abreast of the latest developments in the energy, mining and oil and gas sectors. The firm has an intimate familiarity with the legal regime related to oil and gas exploration and production in Pakistan.

We advise on a wide range of upstream transactions and commercial agreements helping national and international oil companies and governments with: acquisition and disposal agreements for upstream interests, including tax and investment treaty planning host government agreements, including production sharing and concession agreements, joint venture agreements, including joint operating, unitisation, area of mutual interest and joint bid/study agreements, engineering procurement and construction contracts, project finance agreements (including LNG project agreements)

We also advise on mid/downstream transactions and commercial agreements including acquisition and disposal agreements and joint ventures, long-term crude oil supply agreements and offtake agreements, transportation and processing agreements, common stream agreements, tie-in arrangements, condensate sales agreements and various lifting arrangements, fuel terminal joint operating agreements.

The core team includes exploration and production lawyers and lawyers from corporate, finance, dispute resolution, environmental, regulatory, antitrust, competition and trade, tax, employment and intellectual property.

Our strong international network gives us the ability to respond quickly to your needs wherever and whenever you need us.

Focus Areas

Oil & Gas Reconaisance Permits

Oil &Gas Exploration Licenses

Reviewing Policies on Windfall Levy

Upstream, Mid Stream and Downstream Infrastructural Issues

Joint Ventures in Oil & Gas Exploration Projects

Mergers between Oil & Gas Companies

Acquisitions & Divestment of Shares

Lease Agreements

Securitization of Loans

Project Financing

Intellectual Property

Real Estate

Income Tax

Dispute Resolution